Znidaršic Zagar Sabina | Gender as a (still) significant qualifier of the labour market structure.

Gender differentiation and segregation of same key professions in the Republic of Slovenia.

Abstract

In the Republic of Slovenia women represent almost half of labour force and the majority, over 90% , are of full time employed. According to this data we surpass almost all EU counties, where per time employment of women is much common. High and intensive work participation of women in the world of measurable work is historical characteristic of this region. We can even talk about specific historical phenomena.
Inside traditional economy women’s range of activities included a great number of jobs connected with growing, processing and preparing  food, cloths, shoes, selling domestic products, health care, nursing, body comfort and cleanness, and not at least important: psychical well-being of family members. Majority of enumerated jobs were of productive and profitable nature.
These are the very jobs gradually taken after by women entering the market of pay work. The needs of such female work  have been increasing parallely with development of  modern, complicated, interior more and more differentiated in consumptionally society of the 20. Century.
We could even claim when entering the work market women professionalized their typical and traditional work filed the most easily and the most often. The traditional division into female and male work was applied to the developing work market and has grown into female and male  professions/vocations. The fact witch is still problematic in the present times is that together with jobs also the traditional non-profitable nature of those specific female jobs has been applied and transformed into their market value. On the market of paid work female jobs were (and are)  treated as less productive, less professional and consequently less valuable and paid. The  economist of the 19. Century tried to imagine of and for as a place for men, the actual and potential family fathers, the only breadwinner of the family.
-    the female incomes in the Republic of Slovenia are still lower than male;
-   and the strong polarization of professions by sex is (still) reality in the Republic of Slovenia.
Some of the most feminised professions could be found in post-industrial Republic of Slovenia 
In quarter sector of national economy: education, medicine and social care. The same picture Is characteristic even for other members of EU, but the rate of feminization in the Republic of Slovenia is higher, and what is even more problematic, feminization has been increasing.
Process of feminization is typical for the hole 20-th century and it is vitally connected with trends in education. As one of the best example we could see the teaching professions. During the 20-th century teaching became one of the most typical female professions and the trend has been still going on.
The level of feminization among teachers depends on two factors: 1. How demanding the level of educational program is, and, 2. On geography.
Today is one of the vital research topic question: Why the extreme predomination of women  (better: of one sex) in teaching professions is so problematic, particularly in the kindergartens  and elementary schools? Strong and rigid feminization of some main professions in quarter sector of national economy should awake discomfort; we are dealing with some vital professions of social state: not only education, but also medicine as general, social care, law, especially at all levels of state law.
If our presumptions about underestimation of female work and profession are correct, we will be sooner or later confront general decline of influence and social power of mentioned professions and parallelly with decline of some vital social spheres.